Day 22-A





Well, almost all of us were feeling a little under the weather yesterday and this morning, mostly with upset stomachs. After our mall excursion, I just chilled in our room and tried to ease the nausea. Robin, Erin, Jarret, and I all just read and relaxed before bed then. We all still felt a little funky this morning, but none but Jarret was really dying, so we pulled our boot straps tight and ventured on like troopers to Catalhoyuk, the oldest known city on Earth. Unlike villages of the time, Catalhoyuk grew none of its own food; rather, it exhibited a social hierarchy and system of defense whereby the houses were packed together tightly and their doors were in the roofs so that the ladders could be removed for safety. That last part, though, has come under some scrutiny because archeologists have found no evidence of war. Newer theories suggest that the aforementioned set-up allowed people to be closer to each other and the ancestors they buried in their homes. The city infrastructure was primarily mud bricks, which are great economically and for dry climates but suck for fire safety and excavations because it’s hard to distinguish dirt from building sometimes. Archaeologists have found evidence of grains, beans, peas, and almonds for food in some of the homes. Furthermore, the homes contained bull’s head decorations and paintings that feature hunts, geometric shapes, nature, and volcanoes to honor the bill and mother goddess culture. There’s obsidian everywhere as remnants of tools and pottery. There wasn’t actually that much to see, and most of what Tolga and Umit told us was pure theory and conjecture, but still. Very awesome. There is some sad news for the city, though: there is evidence of an older temple elsewhere, meaning that there may be an ever older city – older than 8800 BC. Oh well. Anyways, after an unimpressive lunch that few of us could eat because of lingering stomach issues anyway, we drove down the silk road (while most of us, me included, took a very nice nap) and finally arrived at the caravansaray. Used until around the 1950s, this large, ornate edifice offered free shelter and food for up to three days to travelling merchants, their families, and their livestock. Part of their lure included the insurance policy for goods stored there; if bandits stole anything





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